What Is OVD In Banking?

Are you curious to know what is OVD in banking? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about OVD in banking in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is OVD in banking?

What Is OVD In Banking?

In the digital age, the banking sector continually strives to enhance security measures to safeguard financial transactions and protect sensitive customer information. Optical Variable Devices (OVDs) play a significant role in banking by providing advanced security features that help prevent counterfeiting and unauthorized access. In this blog post, we will delve into the concept of OVDs in banking, their features, and their importance in maintaining the integrity of financial systems.

What Are Optical Variable Devices (OVDs) In Banking?

Optical Variable Devices (OVDs) refer to security features incorporated into banknotes, identity cards, passports, and other essential documents. These devices utilize optical effects and sophisticated printing techniques to create visually striking elements that are difficult to replicate, providing a high level of security against counterfeiting.

Key Features Of OVDs:

  1. Optical Effects: OVDs employ optical properties such as color-shifting, holography, and diffraction to create dynamic visual effects. These effects change when the viewing angle or lighting conditions are altered, making it difficult for counterfeiters to replicate or reproduce the authentic patterns accurately.
  2. Multi-Dimensional Designs: OVDs often consist of complex and intricate designs that include microtext, guilloche patterns, images, and logos. These multi-dimensional elements enhance the visual appeal and make counterfeiting attempts more challenging.
  3. Tamper-Evident Features: OVDs can incorporate tamper-evident features such as hidden images or text that become visible or change when tampering is attempted. These features help in detecting any unauthorized alterations or tampering with the document or banknote.
  4. Authentication And Verification: OVDs serve as an effective means of authentication and verification for banknotes and documents. The unique optical characteristics of OVDs allow bank officials, security personnel, and individuals to visually verify the authenticity of the document or banknote, aiding in the prevention of fraud and counterfeiting.

Importance Of OVDs In Banking:

  1. Counterfeit Prevention: Counterfeiting poses a significant threat to the integrity of financial systems. OVDs play a crucial role in deterring counterfeiters by incorporating highly sophisticated and visually complex features that are challenging to replicate. The use of OVDs in banknotes helps protect the value of currency and maintains public trust in the banking system.
  2. Enhanced Security: OVDs significantly enhance the security of financial transactions, identity verification, and document authentication. By incorporating these advanced security features, banks can protect their customers’ assets, prevent identity theft, and reduce the risk of fraudulent activities.
  3. Visual Deterrent: The visual complexity and dynamic effects of OVDs act as a deterrent to counterfeiters. The intricate designs and optical effects make counterfeiting attempts more noticeable and increase the chances of detection.
  4. Public Confidence: The presence of OVDs in banknotes and identification documents instills confidence in the public. Knowing that their financial transactions are secured by advanced technologies and security features, individuals are more likely to trust the banking system and engage in secure transactions.


Optical Variable Devices (OVDs) are integral to the banking industry’s efforts to enhance security, prevent counterfeiting, and protect the integrity of financial systems. By incorporating visually striking and technologically advanced features, OVDs provide effective counterfeit prevention, enhance document authentication, and increase public confidence in the banking sector. As technology continues to evolve, OVDs will continue to play a vital role in maintaining the security and trustworthiness of our financial transactions.

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What Is Kyc OVD?

“Officially valid document” (OVD) for KYC means the a) Passport b) Driving licence c) Permanent Account Number (PAN) Card d) Voter`s Identity Card issued by the Election Commission of India e) Job card issued by NREGA duly signed by an officer of the State Government.

Is Adhar Card An OVD Or Not?

Description of Officially Valid Documents (OVDs) that can be accepted for establishing the legal name and current address of Individuals. 1. Copy of Aadhaar/Virtual ID Card 2. Passport, the validity of which has not expired (Also for NRI/PIO/OCI/Foreign National) 3.

What Are The Valid Documents For OVD?


  • Voter ID card.
  • Driving License.
  • Passport.
  • NREGA JOB Card.

What Is OVD Process? Outside Vapour deposition (OVD)

Figure 229. Outside Vapour deposition. The basic process involved in OVD is called “flame hydrolysis”. SiCl4 reacts with oxygen to produce silica (SiO2) and HCl. This reaction takes place within an oxy-hydrogen flame.

What Is OVD For Bank Account Opening?

Officially Valid Document bears the current address of the customer. PAN is mandatory. Mobile is mandatory and customer should possess it at the time of opening account.

What Are The Six Officially Valid Documents For KYC?

Officially valid documents (OVDs) for KYC purposes include Passport, driving licence, voters’ ID card, PAN card, Aadhaar letter issued by UIDAI and Job Card issued by NREGA signed by a State Government official.

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